﻿ Animated Physics

#### Hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons consist of carbon (gray) and hydrogen (silver) elements with different relative concentrations accounting for different forms.

#### Alcohols and Sugars

Adding an oxygen (red) with only one bond available produces an Alcohol. An oxygen (red) with two bonds in a carbon loop produce Sugars.

#### Acids

Acids come to be with both the single bond oxygen (red) and the double bond oxygen (red) on the same carbon.

#### Amino Acids

Adding a carbon and a nitrogen (blue) to the acid produces the Amino Acids, the basic ingredients to life.

#### And More

Glycolysis

Glycolysis represents the
most basic and primitive
form of ATP production.

Cytric Cycle

The Mitochondrion becomes
an ATP producing factory
through the Cytric Acid Cycle.

Haemoglobin

Hemoglobin in the blood
carries oxygen from lungs
to the rest of the body.

PKR

Protein kinase RNA-activated
PKR protects against
viral infections.

P-glycoprotein

Cell membrane
ATP-dependent
drug pump

## Modelling Energy Levels

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Vibrational Nodes of the Nucleus

Oscillation patterns start as the simple s-level expansion/contraction then the p-level movement on different axis. The d-level vibration nodes are both angled and complex. Each state of a vibrational node can hold two electrons.

## Modelling an Element

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From Hydrogen to Calcium

Each element has an arrangment of electrons around a empty shell. Electrons do not feel any force from inside the shell, so are pushed to the outside of the shell. They bind to the shell, when the vibration parameters for that part of the shell, match the electron wave function for that vibration.

## Modelling a Gas

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The Ideal Gas Law PV = nRT where
• P is pressure
• V is volume
• n is number of molecules
• R is the gas constant, and
• T is absolute temperatures

Boyle's law from 1662, states that at constant temperature for a fixed mass, the absolute pressure and the volume of a gas are inversely proportional. This animation illustrates the normal air we breath at 20°C. Free flowing molecules are travelling an average 2.1 nanometers per picosecond, trapped in a 3D box, 30 x 10 x 7.5 nanometers in size.

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